What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a short-term brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Concussions can occur with, or without, loss of consciousness. Concussions are typically not life threatening but can cause serious symptoms that require immediate medical treatment.
How Do I Get a Concussion?
A concussion can happen from any injury occurring to the head but are typically caused by traumatic injury or violent shaking of the head. A concussion may also be caused by a simple fall where you hit your head, high impact sports, or a motor vehicle accident.
What are the Signs I May Have a Concussion?
Symptoms of a concussion may happen immediately or occur hours to days after the injury and may last for days, weeks, or longer. Symptoms of a concussion include:
- Loss of consciousness
- Blurry vision
- Feeling pressure in the head
- Ringing in ears
- Slurred speech
- Sleep disturbance
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Concentration and memory problems
- Difficulty with coordination
- Dilated or unequal pupils
- Unusual behavior
- Inability to recognize familiar people or places
- Numbness or weakness in extremities
- Weakness in arms or legs
How is a Concussion Diagnosed?
If you are concerned that you, or a loved one may have a concussion, seek medical treatment immediately. A concussion can be easily diagnosed through:
- Neurological examination
- Cognitive evaluation
How are Concussions Treated?
Treatment will depend on the severity of the concussion. For concussions that cause swelling or bleeding of the brain, surgery may be required to alleviate the blood and pressure on the brain.
Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they recover depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, their health before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the concussion.
If you are concerned that you or a loved one may have suffered head trauma or concussion, call 911 or go to an emergency room immediately. If your symptoms persist after you’ve been treated, call Kentucky Neurology and Rehab to schedule an appointment to further evaluate your condition.