Neuropathy

WHAT IS NEUROPATHY?

Neuropathy is a condition that is mostly associated with the nerves, particularly the peripheral nerves. This condition
arises as a result of nerve damage thereby leading to their dysfunction. The condition disrupts the normal functioning of these nerves. They may send signal to the brain about a pain without any cause or not send any pain signal to the brain.

There are three types of nerves that are affected by neuropathy;

Sensory NervesThese are nerves that are responsible for controlling sensation. Once affected, they may cause tingling, pain, weakness and numbness of the feet and hands.

Motor NervesThese are nerves that are responsible for power and movement. Once they become affected, they end up causing weakness in both your hands and legs.

Automatic NervesThese nerves are responsible for controlling the body system, e.g. gut, bladder etc. Once they are affected, they end up causing a change in the blood pressure, the heart rate and the sweating of the body.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF NEUROPATHY?

· InjuriesNeuropathy

· Cancer

· HIV

· Diabetes 

· Shingles

· Repetitive stress

· Vitamin deficiency

· Hormone imbalances

· Heart diseases

· Stroke

· Multiple sclerosis

· Guillain-Barre syndrome

· Chronic kidney diseases

· Chronic Liver diseases

· Lyme disease

· Poisons

· Connective tissues diseases

· Certain inflammatory diseases e.g. sarcoidosis

· Alcoholism

There are two types of neuropathy:

Mononeuropathy: This is a condition where only a single nerve is affected.

Polyneuropathy: This is a condition where several nerves are affected.

WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF NEUROPATHY?

There are certain symptoms that are associated with neuropathy and may vary from individual to individual. There are those times when the nerves become hypersensitive. When this happens, all the things that ordinarily feel painless, like wind breeze, the bed sheet on your body, suddenly become painful.

Apart from pain, the damage on sensory nerves caused by neuropathy may have the following effects:

Numbness

Tingling

Pricking

Loss of reflexes

Inability to detect changes in heat and cold

Foot and leg ulcers

Sharp pains that becomes worse at night

Hair, skin and nail changes

There are those extreme cases where neuropathy ends up causing paralysis and in other cases affect digestion and breathing process.

However, it has been proved that the intensity and the severity of the pain depend on the severity of the underlying disease.

HOW IS NEUROPATHY TREATED?

Since this condition is caused by the underlying condition, treating this condition can restore you back to your normal functionality. If the underlying condition is diabetes, then controlling the glucose level can cause neuropathy to be treated. If it’s vitamin deficiency, then the treatment would be correcting the deficiency.

There are some ways that can be used to treat neuropathy:

· Medication

· Anticonvulsants

· Antidepressants

· Electric stimulation

· Complementary treatment

· Lifestyle changes

WHAT IS MY PROGNOSIS?

Neuropathy can be a treatable and manageable condition. The hypersensitivity that you might be experiencing may end up causing permanent damage like paralysis if you don’t have it checked out. Contact Dr. Landfield at Kentucky Neurology and Rehab. Dr. Landfield will diagnose and treat any condition that might be causing your neuropathy.

Schedule an Appointment

 

Call us at (859) 279-4266 or simply fill in the appointment form.